Cosmic Consciousness. A Study in the Evolution of the Human Mind. Edited by DR. Ric HARD MAU Rice Buck E. Werily, verily I say unto thee, except a man be . Cosmic Consciousness, by Richard Maurice Bucke, , at noititsojunchawk.ga Cosmic Consciousness. A Study in the Evolution of the Human Mind. By. YOUR FATHER Cosmic Consciousness, by Richard Maurice Bucke, , at noititsojunchawk.ga [p.v] NOTICE It will be observed that this volume is printed in.
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Cosmic Consciousness by Richard Maurice Bucke can be read for free at noititsojunchawk.ga - the free Library of Metaphysical New Thought Books and. Cosmic Consciousness is a subject of vital interest to every reader of The Occult Press Review and the reappearance of Dr. Bucke's great book of this title will be . Cosmic Consciousness, by Richard Maurice Bucke, , full text etext at noititsojunchawk.ga
Love the basis of the teachings of all Illumined minds. The "Second Coming of Christ. Was Paul changed by "conversion," or what was the wonderful power that altered his whole life? Why Paul sought seclusion after his illumination. Characteristics of all Illumined ones. The desire for simplicity. Paul's incomparable description of "the Love that never faileth. The "first fruits of the spirit," as prophesied by Paul. Condition of Arabia at his birth. Prophecies of a Messiah. His peculiar psychic temperament; his frequent attacks of catalepsy; his sufferings because of doubt; his never-ceasing urge toward a final revelation.
His changed state after the revelation on Mt. His unswerving belief in his mission; his devotion to Truth; His simplicity and humility. His claim to Cosmic Consciousness. His sudden change from materialism.
The difficulty of clear enunciation. His unfailing belief in the divinity of his revelations. How they compare with experiences of others. The frequent reception of the Light. The blessing of Cosmic Consciousness. Emerson 's religious nature. His familiarity with Oriental philosophy; his remarkable discrimination; the peculiar penetrating quality of his intellect.
His never failing assurance of unity with the Divine. His belief in a spiritual life. Did Emerson predict a Millenium? His writings as they reflect light upon his attainment of Cosmic Consciousness. Incidents in his life previous to his illumination.
The remarkable and radical change made by his experience. To what was due Tolstoi's great struggle and suffering? Why the great philosopher sought to die in a hut. His idea not one of penance.
The signal change in his life after illumination. What he says of this. His amazing power of magnetic attraction. His feminine refinement in dress. His power of inspiration gave him his place in French literature.
The dominant motive of all his writings. His unshakable conviction of immortality. His power to function on both planes of consciousness. The lesson to be drawn from Seraphita. Balzac's evident intention, and why veiled. The inevitable conclusion to be drawn from the Symbolical character. Unconscious instruments of the Cosmic law. The true poet and the maker of rhymes. The mission and scope of the poetical temperament. How "temperament" affects expression. No royal road to Illumination.
Teaching of Oriental mysticism. Whitman 's extraordinary experience. His idea of "Perfections. Facts about his illumination.
The after effects. Tennyson 's vision of the future. Wordsworth, the poet of Nature. How he attained and lost spiritual illumination.
How he again received the great Light. The evidences of two states of consciousness. Outline of his illumination. Noguchi--a most remarkable instance of Illumination in early youth; Lines expressive of an exalted state of consciousness; how it resulted in later life.
The strange case of William Sharp and "Fiona Macleod: How the writer succeeded in living two distinct lives and the result. Remarkable contribution to literature. Here is a summary of the main aspects of this fascinating life trajectory. The parents and their seven children emigrated to Canada when he was a year old, settling near London, Ontario. Little Bucke never went to school, and his literacy, education, and teaching in Latin were the responsibility of his father who owned a vast library that had influenced his son very early on.
He was an autodidact in the broadest sense of the term. Despite his father's religious orientation, he never, even as a child, accepted the doctrines of the Christian church and Bucke , p.
On the other hand, even from a very young age, he has always had a deep interest in the affairs of the human soul, spirituality, and themes of this kind. Bucke's consciousness already showed signs of expansion shortly after he became literate. The reading of poems stimulated him throughout his life. He says that before the age of ten, he sometimes experienced "a sort of ecstasy of curiosity and hope". Intermediate and gradual expansions of consciousness can manifest in many ways.
Expanded self-perception of high feelings in children may be a relevant sign. This kind of phenomenon accompanied Bucke at various times until the climax in described in the above account.
The death of the mother at age eight and a feeling of dissatisfaction due to the circumstances of the teenage life made Bucke leave home at the age of sixteen in search of new possibilities. In this movement, he even uses the words "to live or die as might happen". For five years he wandered long stretches of the United States, sought work literally from north to south and from east to west, acting on farms, railroads, steamboats and in the placer diggings of Western Nevada.
He suffered starvation, freezing, and once fought for his life half a day with Shoshone Indians on the banks of the Humboldt River in Utah.
This pilgrimage made some writers of biographical notes give him the label of an adventurer, but above all other important features and traits of personality such as willpower, modesty to take on any work, love of freedom and the ability to take the initiative and take life in his hand. We cannot forget that a sensitive person manifested these traits from infancy and interested in the depth of human consciousness. A severe accident seems to have been a turning point for Bucke to start recycling in his life months later.
The brief description of the episode recorded in the official biographical sketch found at Western University is transcribed below. They went 5 days and 4 nights without food or fire until they arrived at a small mining camp. Grosh died of exhaustion and exposure, while Bucke recovered, despite losing one foot and part of the other to severe frostbite Western Archives, , p.
The set of experiences of suffering could shake up most people, but found in that young man an already expanded consciousness, above average, and the young man's response was to make recycling decisions.
It seems that he decided to return to a life centered on the study of human morality and the care of people. By speculation, one might venture to say that the snow survival effort, coupled with the sensitivity developed in childhood and other positive traits of his personality, helped him to resume humanitarian and spiritual tendencies.
The present hypothesis in this chapter sheds light on the possibility that these earlier circumstances constituted the main propitiating basis for the course that led Bucke to meet the experience of cosmoconsciousness in We can also speculate whether there were moments of spiritual elevation and significant expansions of consciousness regarding existential values accompanying the survival effort in the snow. Bucke returned to Canada in Beginning adulthood, he inherited the small property of his deceased mother and this money allowed to him to spend some years studying.
Bucke entered McGill University's medical school in Montreal, where he graduated with honors in , at age 25, with the thesis entitled The Correlation of Vital and Physical Forces.
He returned to Canada in and married Jessie Maria Gurd in He settled down to practice medicine in Sarnia, Ontario, for the next ten years. Bucke and his wife had eight children. Bucke was appointed Medical Superintendent at the Provincial Asylum for the Insane, the new mental hospital in Hamilton in He was transferred to the Asylum for the Insane of the Ontario Hospital in London where he remained in the position of superintendent for twenty-five years until his death in He was very successful in the profession he chose.
He pioneered several practices, published several articles, and presented many lectures in associations of medicine and psychology. Bucke gave the opening lecture of the year at McGill University upon request of the faculty of medicine in He became chairman of the Psychological Section of the British Medical Association in and was also elected president of the American Medical- Psychological Association in The professional trajectory already demonstrated that his personality had a great capacity to offer contributions and it was based on Bucke's deepened humanitarian sense.
His development in medicine advanced in parallel with the development of research on personal experience with the phenomenon of cosmoconsciousness that occurred in and continued to materialize the book that he was writing step by step.
It seems that there was a potentiating effect of Whitman's expansions of consciousness, conveyed by poetry, acting on the psychic phenomena manifested by Bucke and on his own written material.
Bucke was very sensitive to the contents and meanings of those readings. The succession between reading and the experience of cosmoconsciousness that occurred in draws attention to this hypothesis. Again, Bucke's scientific and analytical sense prevailed, translating this friendship into the biography with the title Whitman published in and becoming his literary executor to take care of his posthumous publications.
Before that, Bucke had already advanced in depth on other aspects of human consciousness in the book Man's Moral Nature, published in Here is the dedication to Whitman in Man's Moral Nature: I dedicate this book to the man who inspired it — to the man who of all men past and present that I have known has the most exalted moral nature — to Walt Whitman Bucke, , p.
Like Whitman, Bucke saw the sense of life directly linked to the value of consciousness, and this applied to the people around him.
Great friendships and ease relationship with other great personalities represented milestones in his life. There was dialogue with different thinkers of his time and Bucke also became a reference to several others who succeeded him. Currently, this chapter is published separately in book form Ouspensky, Evelyn Underhill , a prominent English writer and pacifist of the first half of the twentieth century, develops the concept of mysticism.
She considers the consistent influence of Bucke's new proposition of cosmic consciousness in her classic book published in , Mysticism: Aldous Huxley , a famous English writer and also a philosopher, in his classic work The Perennial Philosophy , p. William James , an American philosopher, pioneer of American Psychology and psychic researcher, in his book The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature James, , pp.
In addition to those cited above, Sri Aurobindo , Ramana Maharshi , Edgar Mitchell , and several other influential personalities referred to Bucke's contribution.
Despite being recognized as important references for mystical and academic knowledge, none of these personalities gave a sign of having taken a more detailed examination and profiteering of the methodology and fundamentals proposed by Bucke.
In the same context, he well places the problem of the phenomenon of intuition, but still leaves several gaps with research problems. Another relevant aspect that occupies most of the structure of the book is the comparative analysis of forty-nine people who may have had the same or similar experience as the author.
Among these, Bucke classifies fourteen personalities who have experienced cosmoconsciousness with a higher degree of certainty. Another thirty-five candidates underwent the same type of analysis with a lower level of certainty, or at intermediate stages in the development of the phenomenon.
Bucke's analysis is exquisite and allows for a brilliant approach to see the manifestation of the phenomenon as it is. The result of applying this method constitutes a relevant contribution to phenomenology. Somehow, those people were evaluated by the traits of personality and by the characteristics of the manifestation of the phenomenon, according to rudiments of what can now be called conscientiometry Vieira, Bucke creates a new cosmovision on the breadth of the experience of cosmoconsciousness and human development hypotheses.
In his book, he utilized resources from the field of logic and the scientific perspective in his time. That is not a movement toward mysticism, but rather the reverse. His challenge was to speculate in the field of a science of consciousness that did not yet exist. Even today, this task is still arduous.
Bucke anticipated several analyzes beyond his time, advancing on 1 theories of the mental images, 2 cognitive hypotheses on the perception of colors, 3 the evolution of the language and its relations with consciousness, 4 hypothesis to investigate the evolution of levels of consciousness, 5 theory about the emergence and classification of categories of levels of consciousness, and especially 6 the very notions of consciousness, self-consciousness and expansion of consciousness, among other exercises of scientific logic.
Bucke gathered the most advanced information available in the nineteenth century.
He did the best he could and what was within his reach. According to this analysis, it would not be correct to consider him a mystical man. The phenomenon is not mystical or scientific in and of itself. The people who conclude by qualifying Bucke in the category of mysticism did not probably lean on the analysis of his work. If the reader does not make a detailed reading of the book Cosmic Consciousness and only be impressed by the original account and by the ideas it deems incomprehensible, it will also tend to a mystical pre-consideration.
Bucke's hypotheses are not easy to understand. Not reading them or not understanding them can result in mediocre opinion formation. Attenuation of this situation is merely the fact that at that time and even today there is the apriorism of classifying any mention of psychic and exceptional phenomena in the category of mysticism. Again, the phenomenon is not mystical in and of itself. Authentic mystical experience is phenomenologically rich but lacks research methodology and refutation.
Bucke's life example, combining depth of sentiments and methodological systematization, demonstrates that the scientific attitude does not necessarily exclude deep involvement with the phenomenon, which the person of a mystical approach could claim exclusivity.
On the other hand, the scientific and methodological attitude tends to deconstruct the conservative perspective of the notions acquired in experience. Science, by its very nature, can be destructive of old and stagnant concepts in consciousness itself. II — Cosmoconsciousness: Terminology and Phenomenology In this part of the text, we would like to ask the reader's permission to start from the base launched by Bucke and then present this author's current hypotheses in the study of cosmoconsciousness.
Edward Carpenter , philosopher, English socialist poet, and friend of Bucke, used the term 'cosmic consciousness' for the first time Rechnitzer, Carpenter studied religion in the East and made the derivation of the Eastern term 'universal consciousness'. Bucke borrowed the term from his friend and consolidated its use.
Currently, the terms "cosmic consciousness" and "cosmoconsciousness" are synonymous. The term 'expansion of consciousness' may also be synonymous with 'cosmic consciousness' when referring to maximal expansion. However, the term 'expansion of consciousness' is best used to refer to the expansive intermediate phenomena, or the gradual expansion of consciousness that precedes, or characterizes, the developmental process of the parapsychic person before reaching cosmoconsciousness.
According to Vieira , p. In his book Projectiology , Waldo Vieira defines cosmoconsciousness using several elements taken from Bucke's account cited at the beginning of this chapter. William James also points out the same features that have become a reference in characterizing the occurrence of the maximal manifestation of this phenomenon in the book The Varieties of Religious Experience , p.
The consistency of the account, the categories of characteristics observed by Bucke, and the extensive research on the manifestation of cosmoconsciousness in other personalities have left strong references in their time and to the leading researchers to date. The hypothesis about the mental images functioning percepts, recepts, and concepts is one of Bucke's most interesting contributions and maybe the least valued up to now.
Mental images are component elements of the mental body of consciousness mentalsoma , functioning as vehicles that operate essential processes and are carriers of evolving and determining content for the expansion of consciousness, such as meanings, sentiments, moral traits, and the cognition in general.
If the cosmoconsciousness phenomenon manifests the perception of the reality of the Cosmos, what is included in it? The perceiver, who perceives. It is an integral consciousness that has multiple attributes, that interacts through energies, which is holosomatic, multidimensional and multiexistential. The perception of the broad reality includes the perception of oneself and the world around. The Cosmos that is perceived. In the present ignorance, superficial speculation about the content of the Cosmos may include the existence of countless consciousnesses at various evolutionary levels from proto-consciousnesses to the prime consciousness, the equivalent of what can be called god , the existential times of these consciousnesses present, past and future , the different existential dimensions materials, energies, multiple universes , and other unknown elements.
Here are some synonyms of cosmoconsciousness, not necessarily exact: The phenomenon of the expansion of consciousness seems to be the primary effect that characterizes the intermediate phenomena before the major phenomenon of cosmoconsciousness.
In theory, cosmoconsciousness corresponds to the maximal expansion of consciousness effect. The expansions of consciousness can be classified into at least three categories depending on the multiple degrees of magnitude and complexity between the stage of self-consciousness and cosmoconsciousness: The teachings of Oriental seers regarding the ultimate goal.
Different stages of mankind. Births in consciousness. Physical consciousness: Mental consciousness: Soul consciousness; whither it leads. The irresistible urge. Why we obey it. Sayings of ancient manuscripts. Perfecting Light. The disciple's test.
Awakening of the divine man. Is he now on earth? What is meant by the awakening of the inner Self. Is the atman asleep? The doctrine of illusion; its relation to Cosmic Consciousness - p. The esoteric meaning of religious practices. The penetrating power of spiritual insight. The mystery of conversion. The paradox of Self-attainment and the necessity for selflessness. The Oriental teachings regarding the Self. The wisdom of the Illumined Master.
The test of fitness for Nirvana. What caused Buddha the greatest anxiety? Experiences of Oriental sages and their testimony. What correlation exists between Buddha's desire and the attainment of Cosmic Consciousness among Occidental disciples - p.
Bucke's description of the Cosmic Light; his opinion regarding the possibility of becoming more general. Peculiar methods of producing spiritual ecstacy, as described by Lord Tennyson and others. The Power and Presence of God, as a reality.
The dissolution of race barriers. The effacement of the sense of sin among the Illuminati. What is meant by the phrase "naked and unashamed. Efforts of those who have experienced Cosmic Consciousness to express the experience; the strange similarity found in all attempts. Is there any evidence that Cosmic Consciousness is possible to all? The inner or secret shrine: The Mystic Brotherhoods. Why the esoteric meanings have always been veiled.
The great teachers and the uniformity of their instructions. Philosophy as taught by Vivekananda. The fundamental doctrine of Buddhism. Have the present-day Buddhists lost the key? Is religion necessary to Illumination? The fruits of Cosmic Consciousness. Had the ancient Hebrews any knowledge of Illumination and its results? The symbol of liberation. Its esoteric meaning.
His strange temperament. His peculiar trances and their effect upon him. Why Buddha endured such terrible struggles; is suffering necessary to Cosmic Consciousness?
From what was Buddha finally liberated? The simplicity of Buddha's commandments in the light of Cosmic Consciousness. The fundamental truths taught by Buddha and all other sages. Buddha's own words regarding death and Nirvana. Last words to his disciples. How the teachings of Buddha compare with the vision of Cosmic Consciousness. His method of development of spiritual consciousness. His repeated allusion to "the light within. Love the basis of the teachings of all Illumined minds. The "Second Coming of Christ.
Was Paul changed by "conversion," or what was the wonderful power that altered his whole life? Why Paul sought seclusion after his illumination.
Characteristics of all Illumined ones.